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Understanding Pre-Seed and Seed Funding: A Comprehensive Guide for Startups.

Exploring the Key Differences, Pros and Cons, and Best Practices for Navigating the Early Stages of Fundraising.


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As a startup founder, securing funding is often essential to getting your business off the ground. However, with so many different funding options available, it can be challenging to know where to start.

Pre-seed and seed funding are two of the most common forms of early-stage financing, but they are often misunderstood.

In this article, we will break down the differences between pre-seed and seed funding, explore the pros and cons of each, and provide some best practices for navigating the early stages of fundraising.

Pre-Seed Funding

Pre-seed funding is typically the first round of financing that a startup will raise. It is often used to validate the business concept and develop a minimum viable product (MVP). Pre-seed funding usually comes from friends and family, angel investors, or incubators/accelerators.


  • Pre-seed funding allows startups to get off the ground and start building their product or service.

  • It can help startups validate their business concept and get feedback from early users.

  • Pre-seed funding can help attract larger investors in later rounds by demonstrating early traction.


  • Pre-seed funding is usually limited and may not be sufficient to get a startup to the next stage.

  • Early investors may have a higher risk tolerance and may demand a larger equity stake in the company.

  • Pre-seed funding may come with fewer resources and support than later-stage funding.

Seed Funding

Seed funding is typically the second round of financing that a startup will raise. It is used to help startups scale their business and gain market share. Seed funding usually comes from angel investors, venture capitalists (VCs), or seed-stage funds.


  • Seed funding can provide startups with the resources they need to scale their business and gain market share.

  • It can help startups attract top talent and develop key partnerships.

  • Seed funding can also help startups build a solid foundation for future growth and success.


  • Seed funding comes with more pressure to deliver results and meet investor expectations.

  • Investors may demand a larger equity stake in the company and may have more control over decision-making.

  • Seed funding may come with more oversight and reporting requirements than pre-seed funding.

Best Practices for Navigating Pre-Seed and Seed Funding

To successfully navigate pre-seed and seed funding, startups should consider the following best practices:

  1. Have a clear and compelling business concept: Investors want to see a strong business concept that solves a real problem and has a clear path to profitability.

  2. Develop a minimum viable product (MVP): A well-designed MVP can help validate the business concept and attract early users and investors.

  3. Build a solid team: Investors want to see a team with complementary skills and a track record of success.

  4. Network and build relationships: Building relationships with investors and industry experts can help startups find funding and gain valuable insights.

  5. Be strategic about equity: Startups should be strategic about how much equity they give up and to whom.

  6. Be transparent and communicative: Investors want to work with startups that are transparent and communicative about their progress and challenges.

Statistical Data

According to Pitchbook, in 2021, the total amount of pre-seed funding globally was $5.5 billion, with an average deal size of $1.3 million. In contrast, seed-stage funding was $43.2 billion, with an average deal size of $7.3 million.

In the US, the top three sectors for pre-seed funding in 2021 were healthcare, software, and fintech. For seed-stage funding, the top three sectors were software, healthcare, and fintech.


Pre-seed and seed funding are essential for startups to raise the capital they need to launch and scale their businesses. Understanding the differences between these two types of funding is critical for founders to make informed decisions about which option is best for their startup's stage and goals. By following best practices and staying focused on building a strong team, developing a compelling business concept, and communicating transparently with investors, startups can increase their chances of securing funding and achieving long-term success.

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